Saturday, April 22, 2017


The Durkees of Tunbridge, Vermont

Asenith Durkee married a Tuller, and Julia Ann Tuller was born in 1834 in Royalton, Windsor, Vermont.  The Durkee family had been in Tunbridge, Orange, Vermont, for many years.
Here's 2 generations of her family:
Descendants of Heman Durkee, Jr.

1   Heman Durkee, Jr. b: October 21, 1789 in Royalton, Windsor County, Vermont d: January 09, 1865 in Royalton, Windsor County, Vermont, age 76
.. +Rebecca Hatch b: June 12, 1791 in Sharon, Windsor County, Vermont d: June 07, 1872 in Royalton, Windsor County, Vermont, age 81
. 2   [1] Lydia Durkee b: June 13, 1813 in Vermont/ Canada d: June 30, 1874 in Royalton, Tunbridge, Orange County, Vermont
..... +Oliver Farman Bates b: Abt. 1810 in Dunham, Missisquoi County, Quebec, Canada d: 1841 in Shefford, Quebec, Canada
. *2nd Husband of [1] Lydia Durkee:
..... +Reuben George b: Abt. 1821 in Tunbridge, Orange, Vermont d: March 16, 1885 in Royalton, Orange, Vermont
. 2   Emily Durkee b: October 26, 1814 in Royalton , Vermont d: December 12, 1891 in Royalton, Vermont
..... +William Leonard b: Abt. 1816 in Vermont d: September 22, 1879 in Royalton, Windsor, Vermont
. 2   Asenith Asinith Durkee b: 1814 in Royalton, Windsor County, Vermont d: 1868 in Royalton, Windsor County, Vermont/Rockwell, Illinois
..... +Alonzo Charles Tuller b: October 22, 1809 in St. Albans, Vermont (Franklin County) d: January 29, 1870 in Rockwell, LaSalle, Illinois
. 2   Heman Herman Durkee III b: Bet. 1814 - 1818 in Vermont,  Quebec, Canada d: February 10, 1877 in poss Vermont ?
..... +Fanny Mosher Mosier b: June 02, 1818 in Quebec, Canada d: July 22, 1893 in Newport, Orleans County, Vermont

These are the Durkees who had lived next door to Royalton, Vermont in Tunbridge.  Descendants of Roswell Durkee

1   Roswell Durkee b: October 20, 1808 in Tunbridge, Orange County, Vermont d: October 18, 1890 in Tunbridge, Orange County, Vermont
.. +Nancy Whitney b: March 24, 1810 in Tunbridge, Orange County, Vermont d: May 17, 1895 in Tunbridge, Orange County, Vermont
. 2   John B. Durkee, M.D. b: January 02, 1834 in Tunbridge, Orange County, Vermont d: July 17, 1917 in North Tunbridge, Orange County, Vermont
..... +Mary Jane Belknap b: April 1838 in Vermont d: 1926 in Tunbridge, Orange, Vermont
..... 3   Elmer Durkee b: 1859 in Tunbridge Town, Vermont d: Bef. 1870 in Tunbridge, Vermont
..... 3   Willie C. Durkee b: April 1861 in prob Tunbridge, Vermont d: Aft. 1930 in prob. Drywood, Bourbon, Kansas
......... +Margaret "Maggie" b: 1870 in Illinois d: Aft. 1930 in prob. Drywood, Bourbon, Kansas
......... 4   Mary E. Durkee b: 1903 in prob. Drywood, Bourbon, Kansas
......... 4   John L. Durkee b: 1905 in Drywood, Bourbon, Kansas
......... 4   Morris Durkee b: March 1910 in Drywood, Bourbon, Kansas
..... 3   Lucy Durkee b: November 17, 1862 d: February 12, 1866 in Royalton, Windsor, Vermont
..... 3   Nora A. Durkee b: January 1869 in prob Tunbridge, Vermont
......... +Arthur S. Allen b: 1883
......... 4   John Rix Allen, Sr. b: 1905 in Tunbridge, Orange County, Vermont
............. +Evelyn b: Abt. 1905
......... 4   Fred E. Allen b: May 31, 1907 in Tunbridge, Orange County, Vermont d: August 29, 1987 in Bennington, Hartford, Vermont
......... 4   Clara M. Allen b: June 19, 1910 in Tunbridge, Orange County, Vermont
......... 4   Elizabeth "Lizzie" Allen b: 1915 in Tunbridge, Orange, Vermont
. 2   [1] Horace Durkee b: January 17, 1837 in Tunbridge, Orange County, Vermont d: May 20, 1910 in Tunbridge,  Vermont
..... +Luthera P. Smith b: Abt. 1839 in Tunbridge Town, Vermont d: July 16, 1864 in Tunbridge, Orange County, Vermont
. *2nd Wife of [1] Horace Durkee:
..... +Julia M. Sanders b: August 04, 1837 in Vermont d: October 20, 1919 in Tunbridge, Orange, Vermont
..... 3   Florence Durkee b: 1869 in Tunbridge, Orange, Vermont
..... 3   Ellen C. Durkee b: 1871 in Vermont
..... 3   Baxter Bradford Durkee b: December 25, 1872 in Tunbridge, Vermont d: February 17, 1956 in Tunbridge, Vermont/Roxbury, Washington, Vermont
......... +Mabel Carter Dickerman b: September 1875 in Tunbridge, Vermont d: in Tunbridge,  Orange, Vermont
......... 4   [2] Loren Bradford Durkee b: September 19, 1896 in Roxbury, Vermont d: November 13, 1982 in Tunbridge, Vermont
............. +Hilda Brown b: Abt. 1897
......... *2nd Wife of [2] Loren Bradford Durkee:
............. +Jenny N. McKinley b: February 02, 1899 in Georgia d: April 1968 in Tunbridge,  Orange, Vermont 05077
......... 4   Florence Mabel Durkee b: Abt. 1897 in Tunbridge,  Vermont d: Abt. 1897 in Tunbridge,  Vermont
......... 4   Clara Ellen Durkee b: Abt. 1898 in Tunbridge,  Vermont d: Abt. 1898 in Tunbridge,  Vermont
......... 4   Earl D. Durkee b: December 1898 in Vermont
............. +Cornelia A. Unknown b: 1897 in Vermont
......... 4   Marion Louise Durkee b: Abt. 1899 in Tunbridge,  Vermont d: Abt. 1899 in Tunbridge,  Vermont
..... 3   Marion S. Durkee b: October 1875 in Vermont
......... +Burnham b: Abt. 1876 in Poss. Vermont
..... 3   Mary E. Durkee b: 1876 in Vermont
. 2   Abigail Corwin Durkee b: August 27, 1840 in Tunbridge, Orange County, Vermont d: December 01, 1916 in Waitsfield, Vermont
..... +Ezekiel Jr. Drew d: May 28, 1914 in Waitsfield, Vermont
. 2   George Whitney Durkee b: October 05, 1843 in Tunbridge, Orange County, Vermont d: August 13, 1931 in Tunbridge, Orange County, Vermont
..... +Alice Elizabeth Noyes b: March 17, 1849 in prob Chelsea, Orange, Vermont d: March 06, 1936 in Tunbridge, Orange County, Vermont
..... 3   Elmer Foster Durkee b: February 11, 1870 in Tunbridge, Orange, Vermont d: 1941 in Tunbridge, Orange, Vermont
......... +Etta Lynn Larkin b: July 1871 in Montpelier, Washington, Vermont d: 1943 in Tunbridge, Orange, Vermont
......... 4   Halsey Durkee b: June 1892 in Tunbridge, Orange, Vermont
......... 4   Alice Louise S. Durkee b: October 13, 1893 in Tunbridge,  Orange, Vermont d: January 11, 1980 in Randolph, Orange, Vermont
............. +James William Farnham b: January 10, 1890 in Kansas d: February 08, 1969 in Randolph, Orange, Vermont
..... 3   Charles Roswell Durkee b: May 29, 1873 in Tunbridge, Orange County, Vermont d: January 19, 1953 in Tunbridge, Orange, Vermont
......... +Mary Gladys Larkin b: September 19, 1881 in Worcester, Vermont d: March 02, 1950 in Windsor, Orange, Vermont
......... 4   Nita L. Durkee b: 1904 in Vermont
......... 4   Ned Louis Durkee b: December 27, 1904 in Tunbridge, Orange, Vermont d: December 06, 1985 in Claremont, Sullivan, New Hampshire
............. +Adeline Irene Taylor b: September 14, 1919 in Plainfield, Washington, Vermont d: November 25, 2002 in Claremont, Sullivan, New Hampshire
......... 4   George Dexter Durkee b: 1907 in Vermont d: in Tunbridge, Orange, Vermont
......... 4   Lyle K. Durkee b: 1909 in Vermont d: 1985 in Tunbridge, Orange, Vermont
............. +Gladys F. b: 1907 d: 1990 in Tunbridge, Orange, Vermont
......... 4   Elizabeth M. Durkee b: 1911 in Vermont
......... 4   Marshall C. Durkee b: 1913 in Vermont
..... 3   John S.W. Durkee b: Abt. 1875 in Tunbridge, Orange County, Vermont
..... 3   Lucia E. Durkee b: October 1876 in Tunbridge, Orange County, Vermont d: February 28, 1902 in Tunbridge, Vermont
......... +Frederick C. Sleeper b: September 1869 d: 1941 in Tunbridge, Vermont
......... 4   Royal Charles Sleeper b: April 08, 1900 in Tunbridge, Orange, Vermont d: 1920
..... 3   James G. Durkee b: July 1881 in Vermont d: 1964
......... +Elizabeth S. b: 1879
. 2   Charles Durkee b: October 07, 1845 in Tunbridge, Orange County, Vermont d: March 04, 1931 in Tunbridge, Orange County, Vermont

Julia Ann Tuller with all her Durkee relatives and Abiathar Smith Robinson married in Tunbridge on February 29, 1852.  What a wedding that could have been.  The reception would have been great with a lot of relatives.  Julia Ann would have been just 17 years 2 months 11 days old.   Julia's mother, Asenith, had a brother, Heman Durkee and wife Fanny  that lived in Quebec, Canada.  They would go up there during the Civil War.

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A Second Look at Tunbridge, Orange, Vermont Genealogy of Our Family

Nadene Goldfoot                                
Tunbridge, Orange, Vermont
In 1850, Julia Ann Tuller lived in Royalton, Windsor, Vermont.
The population then was 1,850. 
Although Joseph Smith, founder of Mormonism, was born in the adjacent town of Sharon near the Royalton boundary, the Joseph Smith Birthplace Memorial lies in the town.
She had relatives in Tunbridge, Orange, Vermont next door.
Tunbridge had 1,786 people then. 

Durkees in Tunbridge, Orange, Vermont 1850

There were 25 Durkees in Tunbridge, Vermont on the 1850 census. 14 were adults, the rest children. They probably were at the wedding of Julia Ann Tuller and Abiathar in 1852 when they married in Tunbridge if they were still there. Julia's mother was Asenath Durkee. Durkees were in all parts of Vermont at the time, and there were many. 
When a problem is not sufficiently solved, it preys on your subconscious mind.  I decided to check out Tunbridge, Orange Vermont's cemeteries of family surnames like Robinson and Durkee.  Durkee is on Julia Ann Tuller, Abiathar Smith Robinson's side of the family.  My main goal is to discover who Abiathar Smith Robinson's father is.  Abiathar married Julia Ann Tuller in 1852 in Tunbridge, Vermont where he was living-alone as far as I know.  I was using  and checking out the Hunt cemetery of Tunbridge searching Durkee and then Robinson.  

Who I found is a James Robinson, one that was not in my name bank.  He was born in 1800; just the right age to be Abiathar's father since Abiathar was born in 1829 somewhere in either NY or Vermont.  Tunbridge is very important because he was living there in 1852 when he married Julia an on February 29th 1852.  Tunbridge, next door to Royalton, Windsor, Vermont where Julia Ann and her Tuller parents lived in 1850, was full of Robinsons and Durkees.  Julia Ann's mother, Asenath, was a Durkee.

The only child not on the list below that I inserted was Abiathar.  He fit right in the group.  It seems more logical that his father should be somewhere nearby to give him a reason for being here.
Orange, Vermont's courthouse is in Chelsea, Vermont
It's 5.6 miles to Tunbridge, Orange, Vermont. 
Descendants of James Robinson; possible father of Abiathar Smith Robinson.
Strafford, Orange, Vermont
It's 7.8 miles to Tunbridge from here.  

1   James Robinson b: 1800 in prob. Strafford, Orange, Vermont
.. +Mary Bicknell b: December 06, 1802
. 2   Mary Ann Robinson b: August 24, 1825 d: February 09, 1894 in prob. Tunbridge, Orange, Vermont
. 2   Martha Robinson b: September 23, 1827 d: April 05, 1874 in prob. Tunbridge, Orange, Vermont
. 2   [1] Abiathar Smith Robinson b: December 1829 in New York/  Tunbridge, Orange/ Jamaica, Windham, Vermont d: October 07, 1904 in Wenona, Marshall, Illinois
..... +Julia Ann Tuller b: December 18, 1834 in Royalton, Windsor, Vermont d: December 02, 1887 in Wenona, Marshall, Illinois
. *2nd Wife of [1] Abiathar Smith Robinson:
..... +Mary Jane Unknown Walters b: November 1832 in Ohio d: July 1918 in Streator, Illinois, age 85
. 2   James T. Robinson b: April 06, 1831 in Strafford, Orange, Vermont d: July 03, 1897 in prob. Tunbridge, Orange, Vermont
. 2   Alma Robinson b: November 04, 1833 d: April 06, 1902
..... +Seth Noyes b: 1822 d: 1899

Since I started hunting, I found another who was said to be part of this tree.  You can see the complication  He is hogging the 1829 spot.  Descendants of Charles Kent Robinson

1   Charles Kent Robinson b: April 19, 1829 in Strafford, Orange, Vermont
What happens to Abiathar, then?  Before, I had searched in Family Tree.  My month was over and I bad ended the subscription, so was searching on Family Search.  Well, this ends this perfect father figure.

There were Durkees in Tunbridge.  There were so many that I'll have a separate article about them.

Lots of Tullers were also living in Tunbridge and Royalton.  Here's a few.  Asenith Durkee was married to Alonzo Tuller.  Descendants of Alonzo Charles Tuller

1   [1] Alonzo Charles Tuller b: October 22, 1809 in St. Albans, Vermont (Franklin County) d: January 29, 1870 in Rockwell, LaSalle, Illinois
.. +Asenith Asinith Durkee b: 1814 in Royalton, Windsor County, Vermont d: 1868 in Royalton, Windsor County, Vermont/Rockwell, Illinois
*2nd Wife of [1] Alonzo Charles Tuller:
.. +Betty Ann Unknown b: Abt. 1816 in United States

Descendants of Martin Tuller

1   Martin Tuller b: March 04, 1878 in Washington, Tunbridge, Orange, Vermont d: February 22, 1937 in Barre, Washington, Vermont
.. +Sarah "Sadie" Ann Whitney b: April 05, 1878 in Lowell, Middlesex, Massachusetts d: December 31, 1963 in Chelsea, Orange, Vermont
. 2   [1] Raymond MartinTuller b: April 07, 1904 in Tunbridge, Orange, VT d: October 22, 1975 in Tunbridge, Orange/ Poss. Montpelier, Washington, VT
..... +Nina R. Fraser b: Bet. 1895 - 1896 in Vermont d: 1962
. *2nd Wife of [1] Raymond MartinTuller:
..... +Blanche Katherine Baker b: September 20, 1905 in Waterbury, Washington, Vermont d: December 23, 1990 in Randolph, Orange, Vermont
. 2   Gwendolyn Mary Tuller b: April 03, 1905 in Tunbridge, Orange, VT
. 2   Sibyl A. Tuller b: 1908 in Tunbridge, Orange, VT
. 2   Hinkley N. Tuller b: 1910 in Tunbridge, Orange, VT
. 2   Stanley Whitney Tuller b: Bet. October 17, 1912 - 1913 in Tunbridge, Orange, VT d: October 17, 1978 in South Royalton, Windsor Vermont
..... +Mabel Alice Ballou b: March 11, 1917 in Royalton, Windsor, Vermont d: July 28, 1986 in South Royalton, Windsor Vermont
. 2   Alvin Gates Tuller b: August 19, 1915 in Tunbridge, Orange, VT d: January 15, 1986 in Tunbridge, Orange, VT 05077
..... +Gladys Welch b: February 16, 1921 in Tunbridge, Orange, Vermont d: July 28, 2014 in Tunbridge, Orange, Vermont
Just before dawn on October 16, 1780, the town line of Tunbridge and Royalton was witness to the last major raid of the Revolutionary War in New England. In the "Royalton Raid" three hundred Indians led by British soldiers invaded from Canada along the First Branch of the White River. Part of a series of raids designed to terrorize frontier settlements, the result was the destruction of dozens of homes, crops and livestock necessary to survive the coming winter. Although women and girls were not harmed, 28 men and boys were taken captive and marched to Canada to be imprisoned. In the years that followed, many of the captives made their way back to their families, but some never returned. One resident, Peter Button, was killed in Tunbridge near the Royalton town line along what is Rte. 110 today; an historic marker has been erected there.  It was a Button ancestor who married Abiathar and Julia in 1852.  

Another town in Orange County is West Fairlee.  I just found another James L. Robinson b: 1831 there, 2 years after Abiathar.  He was on their 1850 census of September 24th. He was of David Robinson's family and was 19 years old.  So in 1850, Abiathar was 21 or would be in December.   When 23, he married.
Upon looking again, I found James Robinson born in 1801 in Fairlee, Orange, Vermont on the 1850 census of September 19th at age 49.  Mary Robinson b: 1803 was his wife, age 47.  Mary Anne b: 1826 was 24, Martha T b: 1828 was 22, Charles K b: 1829 was 21 and Alma b: 1834 was 16.  THIS IS MY TUNBRIDGE FAMILY!  This was from family  This is the one that doesn't work out, even though he was so close by.  

A few days later on September 24, 1850 in West Fairlee, the census taker came to David Robinson's home.  He was 53 years old (b: 1797)  and was born in Massachusetts.  (He'd make a good father for Abaithar.)  His wife, Luna, was 51 and born in Vermont.  Their children, all born in Vermont,  were Preston K 24, Harriett K 21, James L. 19, Abbey 16, Eleanor 14 and Adeline L 10.    I found a David to attach this information to.  A Vermont David, too.  

Resource:  (all the census of Vermont)

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Friday, April 21, 2017


Robinson, Our Perfect R1b...R-L21 DNA Title

Nadene Goldfoot                                    
Not all Robinsons are R1b, and not all are R-L21.  In fact, out of a Robinson study, we were one of two people listed with this exact title.  On a large Robinson study, we are the only other person with a DSY #393=12 and not 13 or another higher number.  We also have the 390 as a 21 and not a 24 or another number.   so our Y haplogroup starts off as 12-21-14-11-11-14-12-12-12- 13-13-29.

This seems to go along with the fact that I cannot find out exactly who our great grandfather's father was.  Abiathar Smith Robinson, born in December of 1829 in New York or Vermont, is without a father.  I've found so many who would be ideal.
Abiathar, born December 1829  with the beard and his son, Frank Hugh Robinson b: 1871.
Abiathar had 10 children and Frank was #8.  Julia died at 52 after having 10 children.
Nellie, Emma and John were born in Canada, where the family went during the
Civil War.  They returned not to Vermont when it was over but to Wenona, Illinois. 
The Hg R1b-L21 Distribution centers in Great Britain, seemingly in Ireland since we had so many matches from there.  A David Reynolds has his name on the map showing such distribution from NW ISOGG.

Our great grandfather, Abiathar, passed his genes onto our generation and our cousin, Kenneth tested.  David Reynolds shows that R1b1a2a1a1b....P312/S116 evolved with increasing detail to the next state which is our state:  R1b1a2a1a1b4...or R-L21/    There is more said of others...M529/S145, L459.

The male line is more interesting to study, I believe, than the female mt haplogroup  The Y-DNA, is passed unchanged from father to son.  All descendants of a man, in a straight male line of descent, will share the same Y-DNA.  That's true also for the female, but our names keep changing.  Also, the dna for the female comes from a different part of the cell.

The Y haplogroup will have some mutations happening.  That's what makes it possible to trace.
The location of Turkey (within the rectangle) in reference to the European continent. Anatolia roughly corresponds to the Asian part of Turkey, except the eastern parts historically known as the Armenian Highlands.  
The evolution of R1b men has gone from East to West in their evolution.  The question has been whether or not our origin was in ancient Anatolia (Turkey)  or Assyria. This must account for the DYS being a 12 as there is no % of my cousins's origins in the Middle East.  He has 11% of his DNA from the British Isles.  I only have 3%  from the British Isles but my brother has 45%  What a disparity here!

This old news is most interesting to me about matching to Kings and Queens of Great Britain.  I HAVE  traced our line to the Royals through not a Robinson but through an Ann Hyde.  If I chose the correct father to Abiathar, we might be able to claim that route also, but through Abiathar's wife, we have the Hydes, and Ann Hyde is the connection.  Ann had married Descendants of King James, II, Duke of York and VII,  Ann is half 3rd cousin 10 times removed to my Robinson cousin.

1   King James, II, Duke of York and VII b: October 14, 1633 in St. James Palace, London, England d: September 16, 1701 in St. Germain-en-Laye, France
.. +ANNE HYDE b: March 22, 1637/38 in Cranbourne Lodge, Windsor in Berkshire,Windsor, England d: April 10, 1671 in London, England
. 2   Mary II of England, Queen England, Scotland, Ire b: April 30, 1662 in St. James's Palace in London, England d: December 28, 1694 in Kensington Palace, London, England
..... +William III andII, King England, Scotland, Irel b: November 04, 1650 in The Hague in the Dutch Republic , House of Orange-Nassau d: March 08, 1701/02
. 2   Anne of Great Britain, Queen b: February 06, 1664/65 in St. James' Palace, London, England d: 1714 in Kensington Palace, London, England
..... +Prince George " Jørgen (Oldenburg) Fredericksen b: April 02, 1653 in Copenhagen, Denmark, House of Oldenburg d: October 28, 1708 in Kensington Palace, London, England
. 2   Girl England b: February 09, 1670/71
. 2   Duke of Cambridge Charles
. 2   Duke of Cambridge James
. 2   Duke of Kendal Charles
. 2   Duke of Cambridge Edgar

However, " July 16, 2012 -- BIG NEWS! The Royal House of Stewart is R-L21! Richard Scott, the 10th Duke of Buccleuch, was tested and found to be L744+ L745+ (L21>DF13>DF41>L744>L745) and an exact match (on how many markers?) of a descendant of Charles Stewart of Ardshiel, who fought at Culloden. The House of Stewart produced a number of famous kings and queens of Scotland and England, including James VI/I (of Scotland and England, respectively) of King James Bible fame. If you are interested in this and have tested DF13+, test for DF41 first. If you get a DF41+ result, then follow up by testing for L744. If you get an L744+ result, then test for L745." 

Here's 2 generations of our family of Robinson. There's always room for errors, but I think it's pretty accurate.
Descendants of Abiathar Smith Robinson

1   [4] Abiathar Smith Robinson b: December 1829 in New York/  Tunbridge, Orange/ Jamaica, Windham, Vermont d: October 07, 1904 in Wenona, Marshall, Illinois
. +Julia Ann Tuller b: December 18, 1834 in Royalton, Windsor, Vermont d: December 02, 1887 in Wenona, Marshall, Illinois
.... 2   [1] Edward Rix Robinson b: November 1852 in Vermont d: in 1922
........ +Charlotte Nettie Anette Jenette Jenson b: 1835 in Pennsylvania d: in Illinois
.... *2nd Wife of [1] Edward Rix Robinson:
........ +Nora E. Gunning Stull b: 1856
.... *3rd Wife of [1] Edward Rix Robinson:
........ +Nora E Gunning Stull b: 1836 in Indiana
.... 2   Edgar Clyde Clayton Robinson b: 1853 in Vermont/Illinois d: 1903 in Wenona, Illinois
........ +Mary Elizabeth Acuff b: 1859 in Illinois
.... 2   [2] Nellie Elizabeth Robinson b: October 1857 in Upper Canada (Eng.) d: December 28, 1905 in Omaha, Nebraska, Douglas County
........ +Daniel C.G. McCullom McCollem b: August 15, 1857 in prob. Magnolia, Putnam, Illinois d: March 07, 1891 in Omaha, Nebraska, age 36
.... *2nd Husband of [2] Nellie Elizabeth Robinson:
........ +Alexander Charles Sillik b: July 17, 1855 in Ohio/Livingston, Madison, Illinois d: July 07, 1923 in Tulsa, Oklahoma
.... 2   Emma "Hattie" Robinson b: August 1861 in Canada d: December 29, 1930 in Streater, La Salle, Illinois
........ +George D. Miller b: September 23, 1855 in Wenona, Marshall County, Illinois d: July 02, 1924 in prob. Wenona, Illinois
.... 2   John C. Robinson b: April 21, 1864 in Montreal, Canada (Eng). d: June 05, 1923 in La Salle, Illinois
........ +Hermia Howell b: August 09, 1863 in Dana, LaSalle, Illinois d: October 27, 1936 in La Salle, Illinois
.... 2   Julia Robinson b: 1865 in Vermont d: 1903
.... 2   William S. Robinson b: June 1867 in prob. Wenona, Marshall County, Illinois d: April 19, 1935 in Peoria/ LaSalle,  Illinois
........ +Carrie A. Monninger b: February 05, 1867 in Dana, Illinois d: December 14, 1943 in Davenport, Iowa
.... 2   [3] Frank Hugh Robinson b: June 21, 1870 in Wenona,Marshall County, Illinois d: May 27, 1952 in Hillsboro,Washington County,  Oregon, age 81
........ +Alice Mitchell b: January 1877 in Iowa d: 1902 in Iowa/Nebraska
.... *2nd Wife of [3] Frank Hugh Robinson:
........ +Gustafva"Augusta" Johansson Gustafson b: January 31, 1870 in (Village) Lumsheden, Svardsjo parish, Kopparbergs lan (county)Dalarna Province,  Sweden d: April 19, 1955 in Hillsboro, Washington County, Oregon, age 85
.... 2   Minnie J. Robinson b: November 1875 in Wenona, Marshall, Illinois d: 1923 in Illinois
........ +Louis Sherman Cusac b: January 20, 1866 in Wenona, Marshall, Illinois, d: October 05, 1944 in Limestone Twp., Peoria County, Illinois
.... 2   Arthur Roy Robinson b: May 18, 1879 in Wenona, Marshall, Illinois d: April 17, 1927 in Peoria, Illinois, Peoria County Hospital
........ +Minnie Mae "Ross"Smith b: June 22, 1885 in Varna, Marshall, Illinois d: February 07, 1974 in Chillicothe, Peoria, Illinois
*2nd Wife of [4] Abiathar Smith Robinson:
. +Mary Jane Unknown Walters b: November 1832 in Ohio d: July 1918 in Streator, Illinois, age 85


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Sunday, April 16, 2017


Robinson: Scotch Irish Family

Nadene Goldfoot                                              
Being my mother's father's line of Robinson is R=L21, I find that they are of Scotch-Irish descent.  In fact, their dna matches many more Irish than English.  Grandpa Frank Hugh Robinson told us his people were from Wales.  He was off pretty much unless they were Irish or Scotch before moving to Wales. His oral history was that they didn't come on the Mayflower but the ship after that.  That would have been 1630.  Grampa never stressed the Scotch-Irish part of his family.  He just said he was a "blue-bellied Yank!"


Scottish, Scotch-Irish, and English Immigration, 1715-1775

People from the north of England, Scotland, and northern Ireland made up much of the migration to the western frontier regions of the early American colonies, especially to the rugged mountainous areas. The northern Irish migrants were mainly Scotch-Irish, descendants of people from Scotland who had moved to Ireland in earlier centuries. Most of the Irish in America before the nineteenth century were actually Scotch-Irish.
Scots-Irish of Northern Ireland
From 1606 to the end of the seventeenth century, a large number of migrants, mostly from the lowlands of Scotland, settled in the province of Ulster, northern Ireland, where many of them became tenant farmers. Though the lands originated as a private venture for Scottish investors, James I placed them under royal authority, claiming the lands of the defeated Irish rebels for the crown in 1607 and backing the colonial scheme in a royal missive to the Scottish Privy Council in 1609. His aim was to pacify the Scottish borders, relieving the kingdom of "reivers" ("rustlers") and the dispossessed of the borderlands. What is more, he anticipated that the largely Presbyterian emigrants would provide a buffer zone against the Irish Catholics, to be God's bulldogs, as it were. His plan worked and the plantation flourished for much of the century. By 1620, as many as 50,000 lowland Scots had settled in the Ulster province, followed by another 50,000 by the beginning of the English civil wars (1640). Economic, religious, and political conditions in northern Ireland by the end of the century, however, brought the enterprise to a standstill, instigating yet another migration—this time to the New World.

Northern Irish migration peaked between the 1750’s and the early 1770’s, with an estimated 14,200 people from northern Ireland reaching America from 1750 to 1759, 21,200 from 1760 to 1769, and 13,200 in the half-decade leading up to the American Revolution. Most of the Scots migration took place from 1760 to 1775, when about 25,000 new arrivals came to the colonies. The counties of North England, bordering Scotland, experienced a series of crop failures that were especially severe in 1727, 1740, and 1770. Each of these crop failures resulted in famine that sent successive waves of immigrants to America. Together, the Scottish, Scotch-Irish, and North English immigrants probably made up 90 percent of the settlers in the back country of America. Arriving after the lands along the eastern coast had been taken, these hardy individuals made up the original American frontier folk."
Mildred Goldfoot nee Robinson, half Swedish from her immigrant mother and
half "blue-blooded Yankee" -evidently made up of Scotch-Irish.  She would put Martha Stewart to shame.  Cooking-a talent from her mother, painting, wallpapering, gardening, sewing tailoring, house cleaning, laundering, you name it.  She did it.She even danced the can-can in the PTA program.    
Jimmy Stewart left bottom, above is Myrna Loy; 

I have always thought that our first DYS listed, the 393, being a 12, was an impediment to being a Robinson, being so many started with 13.  I see from the FTDNA Robinson study listed below that there were 17 that started with 12, and many more, of course, that started with 13 in our R1b group.

Update: 4/17/17 9:00am
Here's information from the Bennett name study and their DYS393=12.
When viewing the chart, note that DYS numbers in red are the faster mutating markers. Mutations (from the modal) are highlighted with a blue background. SNP testing has confirmed our Haplogroup to be R1b1a2a. Note also that each person in our group has an allele of 12 at DYS#393, an unusual occurrence, happening only about 2% of the time. We are participating in The Border Reivers “DYS393=12” Y-DNA Study to learn more about the possible deep ancestry ramifications of this splinter group. This haplotype, called ht-35, may have originated from individuals who took refuge from the last ice age (about 10,000 years ago) in Anatolia. To view all the Bennett Group results, visit the Bennett Group chart at (See link in sidebar). Our Ipswich Bennetts are listed as Sub-group 8a in the FTDNA chart, and are easily recognized by DYS#393=12.
Update: 4/17/17 8:30am
To come out Scotch-Irish, I've changed our genealogy fathers again.
1. Abiathar Smith Robinson b: 1829 in New York or Vermont
    m: Julia Ann Tuller b: 1834 Royalton, Vermont
2.  Hiram Robinson b: 1806 Strafford, Orange, Vermont.
     m: Zeruiah Tyler, Strafford, Orange, Vermont
3.   Daniel Robinson Jr. b: 1769 Rushville, Yates, NY, d: Strafford, VT.
     m: Betsy Buell b: 1775, CT, d: Straffortd, VT
4. Daniel Robinson, b: 1734, Falmouth, Mass.
    m: Lucretia Pierce b: 1735 Mass.
5. Ebenezer Robinson b: 1697 Mass.
    m: Elizabeth Reed b: 1699 Mass
6. Samuel Robinson b: 1654 Mass
    m: Mehitable Reed b: 1660 Mass
7. George Robinson b: 1626 Glasgow, Scotland or England
   m: Joanna Ingraham b: c1629


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Civil War Era and Where Was Abiathar Smith Robinson? Found in Wenona, Marshall, Illinois

Nadene Goldfoot                                          
GGrandfather Abiathar Smith Robinson with son Frank Hugh Robinson.
Frank is sitting on a haystack.  
Greatgrandfather Abiathar Smith Robinson b: December 1829 was found on the August 11, 1870 census in Wenona, Marshall, Illinois at age 41.  I note that an A. Robinson was on theWenona  1850 census in 1850 at age 23 living with the A. Hankinson family.  Was it he?    Was he there, possibly a wandering about teen exploring life before "returning" to Tunbridge to marry at age 23 in February 1852?  No, he was 23 in 1852 when he married Julia.  He was not on any census with even his 1st name of Abiathar.  I might add that usually the middle name reflects the surname of his mother.

To be a man of 23 in 1852 was to be an American under  our 13th president, Millard Fillmore of New York, a Whig.
We know that Abiathar lived in Tunbridge, Orange, Vermont in 1852 when he married Julia Ann Tuller February 29th there.  She was from Royalton Windsor, Vermont next door about 5 miles away. She was on the 1850 census at age 15 in Royalton living with her Tuller family.  Not Abiathar.  I couldn't find him listed.
Then, we have the Civil War starting on April 12, 1861 and lasting until May 9, 1865.  During this time, they seemed to disappear into Canada.  No record is found in the lower 48 of Abiathar and Julia Ann during the 1860s.
A grand home in little Wenona, Marshall, Illinois.  
"Wenona was established as a shipping point for the Illinois Central Railroad.  Before the railroad was built in 1852, the area was uninhabited.  The first house was a shack for the track men on the Illinois Central Railroad that was put on on the site in 1852 along the eastern edge of the township.
In 1853, after the railroad was completed to LaSalle, the passenger station and freight house were built on the site. The home of G.W. Goodell, the station agent and first postmaster was also built in 1853. The post office was also established the same year.  In June of 1854, the first church in the future Wenona, the Presbyterian church was organized.  The winter of 1854, William Brown opend the first store.
Wenona was laid off on the 15th of May 1855, by the Illinois Central Railroad company, on one of the altenate sections granted by congress for the construction of the road.  The site was on low, wet ground. When the town was laid out in May 1855 it had nine houses and a population of 50.   The land was drained and trees were planted and the town began to grow.
By 1856, there were twelve hundred people, three hundred homes, two churches, three schools, a hotel and a sawmill.

   The town was incorporated in 1859 by a vote of 28 to 3.  The first trustees were Solomon Wise, George Brockway, John B. Newburn, F.H. Bond and Emanuel Weltz.
Coal was discovered in 1865 and for many years a valuable community product. The mine employed an average of 200 men and a nearby zinc smelter employed 50 more.
In 1870, the Chicago and Alton Railroad was completed from Wenona to Lacon.  Wenona now had four grain elevators, a stockyard, a brickyard, flour mill, wagon manufacturing store, drygoods store, drug store, grocery store, hardware store, furniture store and implement store.  One of Wenona’s early showpieces was the Union Township Fair, organized in 1871, which for a decade rivaled the State Fair.            
Joseph Smith, founder of the Mormon Church, was born in Royalton, Windsor, Vermont on December 23, 1805. Abiathar Smith Robinson was religious, but I believe his descendants have been Methodists.  I will say he was a severe follower, as nothing was allowed to be done on the Sabbath, causing my grandfather to leave home.  Was this the man he was named for as a middle name?  I don't think so as Smith was as common as Robinson.  It should be on his mother's side of the family.

 In Vermont, Westward migration continued in the 1850s.   The economy soared during the Civil War with people working in factories and farm girls working in the mills.  Women's suffrage grew during the Civil War.  Dairies were replacing sheep farming.  The first butter creamery was established in 1871.  The railroad had been expanding Vermont.  Woolens, munitions, machine tools and mining industry expanded with growing knowledge in the industrial revolution.
When my brother and I met our 2nd cousin in Wenona about 8 years ago in 2009, we found one restaurant open on a Sunday and it had the best food I had had, more like home-made.  We had hamburgers and soup.
Abiathar's great grandsons, one from son Frank Hugh on the left, and one
from Arthur Roy on the right.  Tom showed us around as we drove from Wisconsin.  
 We had been walking through the cemetery viewing Abiathar and Julia's sites plus any others that might be related.                                                
                                               Wenona's cemetery was the prettiest spot I've ever seen.  They
                                                        had a lovely view up there.
Frank Hugh Robinson, our grandfather, born in Wenona
on June 21, 1870 as the 8th child with unknown, possibly his younger brother, Arthur Roy,
number 10 and the last.  they were 9 years apart.   With that mustache, he looks like he's in his 20s at least. 
On May 18, 1870, the center block of the business district was destroyed by fire and 45 business establishments were lost. By 1873, new brick buildings were built to take their place.  The Wenona Fire Department was organized in 1884.  In 1890, the entire south block of Wenona's business district burned.  It was rebuilt with brick buildings and a fire wall was placed between every 2nd building."
Wenona's men liked to hunt. This was near the Canadian border in the 1880s.
Seated left to right:  Bayard Washington Wright, Mr Clark?, unknown, Edwin Wright

Great grandmother Julia Ann Robinson nee Tuller was born December 18,  1834.  Her 1st child, Edward Rix, was born in about November 1852 when she was 18.  Her 10th child was born May 1879, and then she died in 1887 when Arthur was only 8 years old.  Frank was 17.  He had run away from home at about age 16 or a little younger over an argument with his father over moving his horse out of a field where the bull had entered.  It was the Sabbath and his father wouldn't let him do it.  You see, teens had their problems in those days, too.  We're always butting heads with our elders.  

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